What Is Vertigo and How Does an ENT Physician Treat It?

VertigoIt’s possible for people to experience a sensation of spinning and being dizzy. This could be the result of a disturbance in their inner ear causing them to struggle with balance and more. It could also be a problem with parts of a person’s brain or sensory nerve pathways. If you been experiencing episodes of dizzy spells, this may be the result of a condition known as vertigo.

What Is Vertigo?

Common Causes

This condition can develop in a number of situations. The most common causes for this are Meniere’s disease, cold viruses, as well as head trauma, and more. These situations will influence the function of a person’s inner ear. This is the part of their body that is responsible for their sense of balance. It also impacts a person’s sense of position in space.

 

Symptoms

Most people who experience vertigo have a mild case. There are some who have this condition and become debilitated. It is considered a health symptom rather than some type of medical condition. A person with it may experience nausea, hearing loss, tinnitus, double vision, loss of coordination, abnormal eye movements, vomiting, and more. It is common for up to ten percent of the population per year to experience this condition. It becomes more common with age. This also occurs up to three times more often with women than men.

 

Examination

When a person tells the Hearing Doctors (ENT Associates of South Florida) that they are suffering such symptoms; a careful physical examination will be conducted. This will involve looking into a patient’s ear. A person may also have to undergo a CT or MRI scan. A physician will want to know about a person’s use of medications. They will also want to know if there is a family history of Meniere’s disease or migraines. A physician will want to know about any recent ear infections or past head injuries.

 

Treatments

The Hearing Doctors (ENT Associates of South Florida) know it is common for people to experience a mild case of vertigo. It is possible in many of these situations for this to be treated with physical therapy. More severe conditions may require medication and serious cases may require surgery.

 

Physical Therapy

In a situation where a person has experienced damage to their inner ear, but the function has not changed and is not anticipated to change in the future, physical therapy is very effective. This is known as Vestibular Rehabilitation. These exercises could involve a person moving their eyes from side to side, as well as rotating their head from side to side while walking down a hallway, and more.

 

Medication

There are some common types of medication that are prescribed to treat this condition. They are antihistamines, prochlorperazine as well as cyclizine, cinnarizine, as well as promethazine. These medications work by blocking specific chemicals in the brain. The chemical dopamine can be blocked by prochlorperazine. This is used for serious levels of motion sickness. Histamine is blocked by antihistamines and treats mild levels of this condition and more. These medications come in capsules, and tablet as well as liquid form. In some cases, it is introduced into a person’s body with an injection.

 

Surgery

There are certain situations where surgery is the only option for treating this condition. A procedure known as perilymph fistula is designed to plug a leak in a person’s inner ear. During the procedure, a surgeon will explore the ear and put a patch over the area that is leaking. It’s also possible to use a tube. Microvascular compression surgery involves moving a blood vessel off of a person’s vestibular nerve.

Contact an ENT Doctor In Florida To See If You Have Vertigo

Surgery is considered when a patient’s only other option is living with the symptoms. Contact your physician to make an appointment today!

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