Head trauma, or injuries to the head, can have a number of consequences, but one problem that may persist is loss of balance or dizziness. Vertigo Caused By Head Trauma is one very common problem we often find with our patients. Read on to learn more about head trauma and its effects.
Vertigo Caused By Head Trauma
Most of us think of head trauma in terms of a concussion, which comes from the Latin word for “shaken”. This is a good description of what happens inside your skull when it’s subjected to a hard blow from a fall, fight, or accident. The soft tissue of the brain is cushioned only by fluid, so that head trauma can cause a severe impact between brain and bone.
This can also follow neck injuries such as whiplash or epileptic convulsions, even if the head is not struck. After the initial trauma, the brain is more vulnerable to further damage. If you’ve suffered dizziness from head or neck trauma you need a thorough diagnosis from specialists such as the Hearing Doctors (ENT Associates of South Florida).
Delicate mechanisms in the inner ear provide our sense of balance through the two vestibular nerves. Head and neck trauma can result in damage to the middle or inner ear, the brain stem, and the vestibular or cranial nerves.
However, there are a number of issues causing dizziness that may be related to head trauma. These disorders include the following:
Dizziness following trauma may appear as Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo. BPPV is identified by dizziness that occurs only when the brain is in a certain position. Vertigo Caused By Head Trauma is quite common, so make sure to reach out to your audiologist promptly.
This is a condition where episodes of dizziness involve changes to hearing or noises within the ear. This is a persistent condition that can occur months after the actual head trauma. It’s usually due to a disturbance in fluid transport within the middle ear, which in some rare cases may involve bleeding.
Severe headaches are common in people who’ve suffered head injury and may include nausea or dizziness. This could be caused by imbalances with the flow of calcium between the brain and inner ear. Migraines are one of the most common causes of dizziness.
This is a condition where the dizziness has no direct organic cause, but it is more likely due to high stress, depression, and anxiety. Also associated with post-traumatic stress disorder, this can follow injuries that have a significant impact on our quality of life.
This involves damage to the brain and nerves following trauma to the upper nose area and sinuses. While dizziness resulting from such an injury is uncommon, it does occur. In certain rare instances, it has even been caused by violent blowing of the nose. Those with fistula may experience dizziness from loud noises. In severe cases, fistula may require insertion of a breathing tube and surgery.
While we all understand the risks of head injury, the physiology behind dizziness and loss of balance is quite complex. Proper diagnosis and treatment often requires a battery of advanced modern testing such as Otoacoustic Emissions (OAE) and Auditory Brainstem Response Testing (ABR).
Contact Our Audiologists & ENT Doctors
To discover the exact cause of dizziness, you should contact the experts at the Hearing Doctors (ENT Associates of South Florida). Vertigo Caused By Head Trauma can be resolved with proper treatment.